Data handling

The organization relies on contributions from renowned scientists and professionals to inform its work, such as the WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization,[33] the WHO Expert Committee on Leprosy,[34] and the WHO Study Group on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice.[35] WHO has also worked on global initiatives in surgery, including emergency and essential surgical care,[36] trauma care,[37] and safe surgery.[38] The WHO Surgical Safety Checklist is in current use worldwide in the effort to improve patient safety.[39] WHO runs the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, targeted at improving health policy and systems.[40] WHO aims to improve access to health research and literature in developing countries such as through the HINARI network.[41] The organization has published tools for monitoring the capacity of national health systems[42] and health workforces.[43] The Global Health Observatory(GHO) has been the WHO's main portal which provides access to data and analyses for key health themes by monitoring health situations around the globe.[44] The World Health Organization works to provide the needed health and well-being evidence through a variety of data collection platforms, including the World Health Survey covering almost 400,000 respondents from 70 countries,[45] and the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) covering over 50,000 persons over 50 years old in 23 countries.[46] The Country Health Intelligence Portal (CHIP), has also been developed to provide an access point to information about the health services that are available in different countries.[47] The information gathered in this portal is utilized by the countries to set priorities for future strategies or plans, implement, monitor, and evaluate it. The WHO Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS), the WHO Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL), and the Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) provide guidance for data collection.[48] Collaborative efforts between WHO and other agencies, such as through the Health Metrics Network, also aim to provide sufficient high-quality information to assist governmental decision making.[49] WHO promotes the development of capacities in member states to use and produce research that addresses their national needs, including through the Evidence-Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet).[50] The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/AMRO) became the first region to develop and pass a policy on research for health approved in September 2009.[51] The organization develops and promotes the use of evidence-based tools, norms and standards to support member states to inform health policy options. It oversees the implementation of the International Health Regulations, and publishes a series of medical classifications; of these, three are overreaching "reference classifications": the International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD), the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI).[52] Other international policy frameworks produced by WHO include the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes (adopted in 1981),[53] Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (adopted in 2003)[54] and the Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel (adopted in 2010).[55] The WHO regularly publishes a World Health Report, its leading publication, including an expert assessment of a specific global health topic.[56] Other publications of WHO include the Bulletin of the World Health Organization,[57] the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal (overseen by EMRO),[58] the Human Resources for Health (published in collaboration with BioMed Central),[59] and the Pan American Journal of Public Health (overseen by PAHO/AMRO) Recognizing the importance of interprofessional education as one of the innovative approaches that can help tackle the global health workforce challenge, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened a WHO Study Group on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice in 2007[2] to articulate a greater understanding of this issue within a global context. It was tasked with providing guidance to Member States on how they could use interprofessional collaboration to scale-up and build more flexible health workforces that enable local health needs to be met efficiently and effectively while maximizing resources. The WHO Study Group engaged various partners and undertook a program of work that culminated in the publication of WHO’s Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education and Collaborative Practice[3] in March 2010. The Framework highlights the current status of interprofessional collaboration around the world, identifies the mechanisms that shape successful collaborative teamwork, and outlines a series of action items that policymakers can apply within their local health system. It provides strategies and ideas that can help health policymakers implement the elements of interprofessional education and collaborative practice that will be most beneficial in their own jurisdiction. The WHO Study Group consisted of almost 30 top education, practice and policy experts from across every region of the world. Overall leadership was provided by Co-Chairs Prof. John HV Gilbert (University of British Columbia & Canadian Interprofessional Health Collaborative) and Dr. Jean Yan (World Health Organization) and a secretariat led by Mr. Steven J. Hoffman (World Health Organization).