School bullying

School bullying is a type of bullying in which occurs during the time period a child is in school.[2][3] Bullying can be physical, verbal, or emotional. According to a study by Yale, bullying victims are at least 70% more likely to commit suicide than non-victims. On Monday April 24, Maria Herrera’s mom, Geneva, experienced this firsthand, when she found Maria hanging by a belt in her closet. 12-year-old Maria had faced constant verbal and physical bullying by her classmates. Bullying happens everywhere, in all different forms. There are six primary types of bullying: Physical bullying, Verbal Bullying, Sexual Bullying, Relational Bullying, Reactive Bulling, and Cyberbullying. Physical bullying is using strength and size to overtake a victim. Verbal bullying is using harmful words, cursing or name calling to intimidate the victim. Sexual bullying is making fun of a victim’s sexual orientation, touching someone in an inappropriate place, making threats or jokes about serious subjects like rape, and forcing someone to act in a sexual way. This diminishes the victim’s self-esteem and reputation, and to humiliate the victim. Relational bullying is working to destroy someone’s reputation, and make their friends turn against them. Reactive bullying is when a bully brines and convinces others to take part in the bullying. This kind of bullying completely overpowers and outnumbers the victim. Cyberbullying is using electronic tools like facebook, myspace, texts, IMs, and chatrooms to bully someone. Bullying happens in so many different places and in so many different ways, that it is very hard to stop. Children and youth who are bullied are more to be depressed, lonely, and anxious; have low self-esteem, be absent from school, feel unwell, and think about suicide. Law enforcement is trying to take a stand against bullying. It is so important that law enforcement have a role in bullying prevention because studies show that bullying as a child can lead to more serious consequences. In one study, boys who were identified as bullies in middle and high school were four times as likely as non-bullies to have three or more criminal convictions by age 24. So far every single state except Hawaii, Michigan, Montana, South Dakota, and North Dakota have laws against bullying. New York, for example, put in place the “Dignity for all Students” act in 2009. The DSA act states that its role is to prevent “incidents of discrimination or harassment including bullying, taunting or intimidation.” The act also requires that at least one staff member at every school be thoroughly trained to “handle incidents relating to discrimination of race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practice, disability, sexual orientation, gender, and sex.” However, even with law enforcement taking a stand there is still a lot of work to be done.

School bullying occurs in every area world wide. It can occur at any time during the school hours and anywhere in the school building. Many of the places that are most likely to occur in are during PE, recess, hallways, bathrooms, on school buses and waiting for buses, classes that require group work and/or after school activities.[citation needed] Bullying in school sometimes consists of a group of students taking advantage of or isolating one student in particular and gaining the loyalty of bystanders who, in some cases, want to avoid becoming the next victim. These bullies taunt and tease their target before physically bullying the target. Targets of bullying in school are often pupils who are considered strange or different by their peers to begin with, making the situation harder for them to deal with. Others are just people who they might not like for a reason. A bully can consist of one or more people engaging in the bullying at the same time toward one or more students. Alot of the times when it occurs around other students they are likely not to say nothing or don’t do nothing because they are either scared to do something or just don’t really care. However, there is some research suggesting that a significant proportion of "normal" school children may not evaluate school-based violence (student-on-student victimization) as negatively or as being unacceptable as much as adults generally do, and may even derive enjoyment from it, and they may thus not see a reason to prevent it if it brings them joy on some level.[4] Both males and females have differently toll on how they bully their victims. Men/boys usually bully other boys in physical ways like pushing, punching, and agression, whereas females are more likely to spread rumors, talk bad about the person, etc. Although they are different ways in which boys and girls do bullying a lot of the ways may be similar aswell, and they both can be bullied or be the bullies.[5] Bullying can also be perpetrated by teachers and the school system itself: There is an inherent power differential in the system that can easily predispose to subtle or covert abuse (relational aggression or passive aggression), humiliation, or exclusion — even while maintaining overt commitments to anti-bullying policies.[6][7][8] Anti-bullying programs are designed to teach students cooperation, as well as training peer moderators in intervention and dispute resolution techniques, as a form of peer support